The Canon T4i / 650D is a wonderful camera, it’s a cropped sensor DSLR but it’s the best cropped sensor camera in Canon’s lineup. The T5i is basically a carbon copy with an adjusted auto focus mechanism. I was given this camera as a gift by my girlfriend in December 2012. I decided to make this camera multi-use since it works well as both a photo camera and camcorder.
Most still photographer who jump into video sort of wander into it blindly. It’s easy to take great still photos once you master exposure, composition and depth-of-field. The same basic rules apply to video, except you need to think not just seconds, but sometimes minutes or hours into the future. You also require fluidity in motion and sound, two things that still photography does not require.
In general, DSLR’s take great video, but they are terrible video cameras! To make a DSLR a video camera you need to spend money and you’ll probably spend just as much or more on accessories to turn it into a camcorder as you would spend to buy a high end camcorder that’s ready to go out of the box. In my case, I already had the camera and tripod. What I was lacking was a good microphone. Generally speaking Rode and Sennheiser produce some of the best microphones which are affordable. I’ve never had an issue with any of their products whether commercial grade gear or prosumer products.
Naturally I did not want to spend $250 on a good microphone, but I was able to find the Rode VideoMic GO for $99 after tax. This microphone is not only a great deal, but it’s a standard size so accessories such as fur covers are easy to come by. The mic itself also does not require power, most other units require phantom power of some sort whether external or internal.
My initial tests results are very positive, no strange noises, buzzing or popping from bad grounds and the microphone is sensitive with a range of -50dB to +15dB without distortion until after +12dB. So basically you could stand beside a jet engine and still get pretty good results. The unit comfortably sits in the cameras hotshoe and uses a male to male 3.5mm stereo microphone jack. Rode has also introduced new floating mic technology where the shotgun sort of floats. This is nice since with traditional grip/clasp mounts noise can be introduced through vibration.
Moving on, the tripod I chose to use was my E-Image EI-7050H / AT7402B Tripod Kit. Generally speaking, E-Image is a discount brand, they’re not great but they’re not terrible either. My only real criticism with this tripod is that the fluid head is not very smooth in vertical up and down tilting but it’s very smooth, just like silk in left-right panning. Now I did not buy this tripod recently, I’ve had it for a good 5 years and until now I’ve used it exclusively with my Canon XH-A1.
There are some big differences between video and photo tripods. First, the heaviest and most solid photo tripods are still light compared to video tripods which will resist wind buffeting and vibration far better. Photo tripods also lack smooth fluid heads, proper adjustable arms and often the ever so critical bowl mounted head. Bowl heads allow you to quickly set level so that when you pan left and right the horizon does not shift and go askew.
Photo tripods can certainly be used for video but they’re best for locked off static shots. The moment you introduce panning of any kind you’ll get jitter and a crooked horizon! Video tripod heads also have far greater weight limits with most starting around 5 kilograms or more. The one disadvantage video tripods have is that they are less flexible than photo tripods. You just can’t twist, turn and bend video heads the same way you can with a good photo tripod head.
For my purposes however, this tripod provides the best of both worlds seamlessly allowing me to shoot video and take still photos when needed.
What was necessary with the E-Image tripod was adapting it to work with all my quick release plates. Basically every camera I have (except the Canon XH-A1) uses the same Manfrotto 200PL plate, whether it be a GoPro, point and shoot or DSLR . Unfortunately the E-Image tripod uses it’s own proprietary plate (which is still a good plate). So I had to drop a Manfrotto 323 Quick Change adapter on top to keep everything compatible.
The main advantage turning a DSLR into a video camera brings is the interchangeable lens system. Even the best prosumer cameras are usually fixed lens systems limiting you to operate within those confines. Once you jump into a video system with removable lenses your easily into the 5 digit range for cost and still require lenses.
In my case I’m killing two birds with one stone. I have every full frame lens I could ever need, plus a 5DMKIII which is dedicated for still photos. This frees up my T4i to shoot video with an array of high quality lenses, especially wide angle lenses.
This is critical since it gives me flexibility, I can keep the T4i shooting wide while my Canon XH-A1 does all the heavy lifting when it comes to zooming in and getting those tight shots. Plus, all DSLR’s lack what’s called a back-focus. In television, the $30,000 lenses we use on $60,000 cameras need to hold focus when you zoom out (pull out and go wide). This is achieved by a little piece of glass near the rear of the lens that can be adjusted with a thumb screw since the CCD/CMOS sensors in professional camera bodies are not fixed distances. This also saves the shooter/operator from having to rack-to-focus or pull-focus. Most prosumer camcorders have some sort of basic back-focus system or hold focus well when you zoom out but all DSLR’s suck at this! They lose focus on a dime! So the last thing you want to do with a DSLR shooting video is a lot of zooming in and out without a tracking system.
The last thing I’ve done or added to the camera to make it a great multi-purpose tool is added Magic Lantern (short form ML). If your wondering, Magic Lantern, or ML, is a program that runs on your SD card. While it does not alter your camera, you tell your camera to pretend it is installing new firmware, this causes it to boot up ML and then presto all sorts of neat new tools and recording modes are possible. It basically supercharges your camera and it’s completely reversible/non-destructive.
Here’s a gallery with some more images of the setup you can explore.